Here are scientific discoveries that have made it possible to reach that point. We do not know who invented writing and the wheel. The Greeks, with their democracy, so the power of the people by the people, have made it possible to publish the scientific process. Before, it was those who had time to think who created the tools. We used writing.
Plato, as Greek Socrates’ student, published the scientific reflection, in order to understand how to transform the nature. Then Kepler created the astronomical revolution, studying the planets. Then Denis Papin, with Leibniz helping, allowed the creation of the steam engine, running on coal. Then Nicolas Sadi Carnot allowed the gasoline engine. Then Einstein allowed the last great forward, the nuclear great forward.
Learn about these scientists.